BCI Farm Project

Anandi Eco Farms

We have started ANANDI ECO FARMS ASSOCIATION at Warangal, With 7000 farmers this year for implementing Better Cotton Initiative (BCI). We have a strong team in place to handle, training & educating the farmers with the consulting partner Sustainable Crop Solutions Network(SCSN).


1.Historical background:

warangal-profileWarangal and Hanamkonda as legend goes in linked with the dynastics of great “Vishnukundins” and even prior to it also of the Buddhist and Pre-Buddhist periods of Indian History. During Eight Century A.D. Warangal with an old name “Orukal” has served as capital city of Yadava king of Tulu Andhra’s. From the middle of the 12th century upto two hundred years, this area is ruled by the Kakatiyas of Ganapathis making Warangal as capital city. The name of warangal “Orugallu” is said to be correct form of Orukal, which is the original designation, the old town. The words “Orugallu” are the two variants of one appellation which means “Solitary cliff” standing in the middle of the Warangal fort. The Kakatiya line seems to have been in existence even earlier to the middle of 7th century A.D because the famous Chinese pilgrim Hieum-Tsang, mentions the name of the kingdom “Dankakatiya” in the south. The family name Kakatiya is derived from the local appellation of the Goddess Durga (Kakati). The Rajahs of Warangal in the beginning were vassals of the chalukya kings of “Vatapi” in the 8th century. When the Chalukyan kings were in down fall, thje kings of Warangal assumed independence and gradually rose to power. The names of few kings i.e Polaraja Rudra Deve-1, Ganapathi Deva, Rani Rudrama Devi and Prathaparudra hace occupied proudfull position in the history. Thousand Pillars Temple, Ramappa Temple and Warangal Fort are the master pieces of Kakatiya scrulpture and architecture.

Thus the city of Warangal has developed both under the political and Hisatorical influences of successive great kings. The Historians have divided the growth of city in favour stages of significant historical events and developments occurred in Warangal City.

These are

  1. The Kaktiya stage : 1260-1422
  2. Transmission stage : 1422-1725
  3. Asifjahi stage : 1725-1948
  4. Modern stage : 1948-onwards

Boundaries :

Our fields of expertise


Warangal district is bounded on North by Karimnagar district, on the west by Medak district, on the south by Nalgonda district and by Khammam district on East and South-East.

Geographical particulars :

Our fields of expertise

Warangal district lies between the latitude of 17o19′ and 18o 36′, North and longitudes of 78o 49′ and 80o43′ East and is above mid sea level by 870 feet-1700 feet. The geographical area of the district is 12846 sq.kms. The entire ares is studded with isolated hills, hill strems, rainfed tanks and large lakes. The district possess interesting principal pictures of geographical formations like Archaean puranas and Gondwans.

Reasons for Project Location and Seed Variety:

Our Project is being implemented in the districts of Salem, Namakkal, Erode and Thiruvannamalai in the state of Tamil Nadu. The temperature in these areas is relatively high and with scarcity of water.

Our project area is so popular for fine rice and cotton varieties. For decades, together cotton is cultivated as a summer crop here withstanding heavy summer and low water consumption is the speciality of variety seed -Surabhi. As the farmers areusing only these seeds (Surabhi)for two decades’adulteration is not at all possible and the crop shows its authentic purity. Migration and mixing of other seeds is never done here.  This is the main reason for which we selected this area for our project.

Seed Varieties:

 “Over the decades of Cotton cultivation these areas are using the verities like Surabi and Suvin ELS which are adaptable to high temperature and dry lands. Surabi and Suvin are well known as Long Staple Cotton varieties”. Farmers in these areas trust these verities and are producing Cotton in Organic way of cultivation since ages.


  • From the year of commencement of our project from 2014-2015, surabi variety is under cultivation, under assured irrigation with satisfactory yield.
  • Surabi variety is a long staple cotton with a staple length of 32mm.
  • It is performing well during the summer season, sowing time being February – March and harvest time being July- August.
  • Cultivation of Surabi is in practice in the districts of Salem, Namakkal, Tiruvannamalai, and Erode, in selected locations.
  • Surabi Organic seed production, is under progress by using the Breeder seeds received from the Central Research Institute for the cotton, Coimbatore, to maintain the genetic character of the variety.


  • It is a new introduction to our project.
  • It is an Extra Long Staple variety, with a staple length of 36(+) mm.
  • It is performing well in Attur area of Salem District.
  • This Variety is suitable, for the winter season, sowing time being August – September and harvest time being February – March.
  • This year we have arranged for the organic seed production of Suvin, to cover sizeable area in the coming winter season of 2017.
  • Suvin Breeder seeds received from the Central Cotton Research Institute, Coimbatore has been used for large scale area coverage.

Project Status:

Already we have completed two seasons and now in the Year 2016-2017, and we are in the conversion period from 2nd to 3rd Year.


The prevailing temperature of 29to 35’c is congenial for cotton crop with favorable night temperature.



In the Project Location, the soil type is Redloamy suitable for cotton crop. Physical structure, water holding capacity & drainage facilities are good. Organic content of the soils are satisfactory.

Crop stubbles of cotton, maize etc., are ploughed incite to improve the organic matter of the soil, every season.

The farmers of the project are having sufficient cattle for the production of Farm yard manure.


Assured well water is the common source of irrigation, besides bore well water in few places, wherever necessary.  The quality of the available water is highly suitable for cotton crop.


The annual rainfall ranges from 720 to 1000 mm, which is supporting the crop cultivation.

With all the congenial factors our project farmers are cultivating Surabi&Suvin ELS Cotton for the past two decades, with reasonable yield, successfully.